Revision Date: 02/15/02
(11-02-68 to 02-22-69)
Description of Counteroffensive, Phase VI
In November 1968, the South Vietnam government with American support began a concentrated effort to expand security in the countryside. This project was known as the "Accelerated Pacification Campaign."
This period covers the election of President Richard M. Nixon and a change of policy brought about by his administration after January 1969 when he announced a coming end to US combat in Southeast Asia and a simultaneous strengthening of South Vietnam's ability to defend itself. Formal truce negotiations began in Paris on January 25, 1969. The period can be characterized as marking time in preparation for an about face. Forty-seven ground combat operations were recorded during this period, the following being the most important:
(1). Operation NAPOLEON in the Dong Ha area initiated previously (1967) by Marine units, terminated on 9 December 1968.
(2). Operation WHEELER WALLOWA by 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and 196th Infantry Brigade (Light) in north-central Quan Tin Province. This ended on 11 November.
(3). Operation MACARTHUR initiated by 4th U.S. Infantry Division in II Corps tactical zone terminated on 31 January 1969.
(4). Operation COCHISE GREEN conducted by the 173d Airborne Brigade in Binh Dinh Province.
(5). Operation TOAN THANG II consisted of ground operations throughout III CTZ. This was a multi-division operation involving allied forces.
(6). Operation SEA LORDS was a coast and Riverine operation. On 6 December,
Operation GIANT SLINGSHOT was started to disrupt enemy infiltration of materials from the "Parrot's Beak" area of Cambodia. Air operations continued to be important with over 60,000 sorties flown. (End of description)
On 30 November 1968, command was passed from Lieutenant Colonel Brister to Lieutenant Colonel Thomas E. Courant. In a few weeks the new Battalion Commander would see the entire Battalion move to new positions; beginning with Headquarters moving to LZ Nancy on or about 5 December 1968.
On 4 December 1968, the Battalion received orders to displace from Camp Carroll. B Battery was to move from Camp Carroll to C1 and Headquarters and Headquarters Battery to LZ Nancy.
Comment from Chronicler:
Camp Carroll had been the home of the 2/94th for the first two and a half years that the unit had been in Vietnam. The new era would bring about battery and gun movements all over the I Corps area of operation. Some firing batteries would occasionally return to a different Carroll for short stays, but the 2/94th would never again have a home like Camp Carroll, for such an extended length of time. (End of comment)
Account from Specialist Rick Butor, Headquarters Battery member with the 2/94th during the move:
On or about 4 December 1968, anything substantial was put on flatbeds, trucks, jeeps, etc. and driven to LZ Nancy, our new home. As you can imagine, we were sorry to leave "home" as it came to be for us. Very strange, but we had some semblance of tradition from those who came before us and their hard work to make that place OUR place. We all defended our turf and retold stories from those that came before us. Almost surreal, considering the fight we put up for many years with all that those bastards threw at us. Some Colonel got us off that place with just a pen and some paper. It was no surprise Carroll fell after we left. I wanted them to change the name of the place when we left, because ‘we and the Marines’ were not there to defend it.
So who lost the hallowed ground we defended for so long? Neither the Marines nor us! Comment from Chronicler: Carroll fell to the NVA in the Easter Offensive of 1972 after a brief fight. The ARVN defenders, some 1800 strong and with artillery support surrendered. (End of comment)
Not long after the move to LZ Nancy, we came under assault from NVA Sappers and Infantry. Having lost the protection of the Marines on Carroll we did suffer some casualties. Do not remember at this time how many. The defenders we had at the time were ARVN. (End of account)
Note from Chronicler: May have been around March of 1969– refer to an event discussed in the 7th Campaign where the base received 80-90 rounds of RPG fire. (End of note)
On 11 December 1968, B Battery closed C1.
On 11 December 1968, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery closed LZ Nancy.
On 11 December 1968, Camp J.J. Carroll was razed.
On or about 13 Dec 1968 mission below:
Account from one of the C Battery personnel regarding a mission on or about 13 Dec 68: Lieutenant Glen G. Lackey was assigned TDY to C Battery from Camp Evans, 101st Airborne Division. He came over to C Battery to ask for a couple of volunteers, one was for a driver. I volunteered as the driver. The supply sergeant, Lieutenant, and I drove to Camp Evans/ Eagle. Once there we were readied for a field operation. We had no knowledge, prior to leaving LZ Nancy, of this operation. We were not given the operation name. We were assigned to assist the 3rd Regiment 1st ARVN Division. I was given the PRC-25 and was the RTO on the operation. We boarded the Huey, and flew at 80 knots for approximately 20-30 minutes. The operation was west of Hue.
We humped the mountains and had to set up base camp for a day at a river's bank below a large ridge due to the advance company, at point, making contact with the enemy. I called in for Huey Gunship support, since the vegetation was thick and we were unable to see from on top of the ridgeline that ran along the river. Not only were we at a standstill, while the Commander of the ARVN 3/1 was yelling at his men via another radio. So loud, I might add, that it scared me, and I was looking to take cover! (Lieutenant Lackey probably remembers that!) Meanwhile, we stood there on the ridge, while these two black unmarked Huey's flew just above and to our right and down through the small River Valley, Sssss! Sssss! While on the Operation, we were advising the CO of the Battalion. Once re-supplied, we crossed the river, and searched for more of the NVA and VC for approximately 12 days, returning to LZ Nancy on Christmas Day, 25 Dec 1968. I didn't even realize I was about 41 days short! (End of account)
On 22 December 1968 at 1645 hours, received Blue Bell from 108th Group S1, 2nd 94th, a possible attempted murder involved! At 0800 hours, a grenade was thrown in A Battery, 2nd of the 94th Orderly Room area.
On 24 December 1968 at 1800 hours, the Battalion check fired for the Christmas truce.
On 25 December 1968 at 1800 hours, the Battalion resumed firing.
On 26 December 1968, A Battery at Dong Ha re-tubed from a 175mm battery to an 8-inch battery. Concluded at 1600 hours.
On 28 December 1968 at 0835 hours, A Battery road marched from Dong Ha 45 miles to the their new base camp at LZ Sally, five miles north of Hue on QL1. At 1525 hours, A Battery closed at LZ Sally.
On 28 December of 1968, a ceremony marked the closing of Camp JJ Carroll by the Marines of the 3rd Marine Division. The abandonment of the base was not de-escalation but rather a shift in power. Since the closing of Khe Sanh in June of 1968, the push had been toward the establishment of mobile mountain top artillery bases rather than static positions. An honor guard from B Battery attended the closing memorial ceremony for Camp JJ Carroll.
The New Year and early months of 1969 would see a continuation of the light enemy contact by the 2nd Battalion 94th Artillery. Much of the firing was in support of the 101st Airborne Division, which was coming in contact with the enemy on their search and clear operations. In January 1969, all batteries underwent CMMI’s and passed satisfactorily.
On 1 January 1969, Lieutenant Glen G. Lackey from C Battery served for a thirty-day period in the field with the 3rd Regiment 1st ARVN Division as a battalion advisor.
On 3 January 1969, C Battery, firing Battery inspection by Corps with a rating of Satisfactory.
On 9 January 1969, Captain Kevin O’Brien (FAO) is reported missing in action. Note by Chronicler: Captain O’Brien was promoted to Major and declared "Died While Missing". Captain O’Brien was lost over the Khe Sanh area. Captain O'Brien was from Farmingdale, New York.
Notes and discussion from 1 November 1968 to 31 January 1969, 9th Battalion Operational Report
Killed in Action – 0
Wounded in Action – 0
Missing in Action – 1 (Captain O’Brien)
With all the displacements of the Battalion a new mission statement was in order and is as follows:
Mission assignment: General support to XXIV Corps, reinforcing fire of the 12th Marine Regiment (Batteries B and C); Reinforcing 101st Division Artillery with an 8-inch battery (Battery A); and a quick fire channel to the 101st Division Artillery (Battery C).
During the reporting period the Battalion fired 1,834 missions, expending 7,387 rounds of 175mm and 6,462 rounds of 8-inch.
All units passed CMMI with the exception of B Battery.
The Battalion since arriving in Vietnam, has fired 228,441 rounds.
It is recommended that on all "Danger Close Missions" that a concrete or delayed fuze is used to minimize hazards to friendly troops. These fuzes will give an excellent spot to observers and still minimize the hazard to friendly troops.
Current TOE had the Battalion personnel section assigned to Service Battery. Logistics may require Service Battery to be separated from the Battalion Headquarters. It is imperative that the personnel section be collocated with the S1 section to provide coordination and control of personnel. It is recommended the TOE be modified to assign the personnel section to Headquarters Battery.
End of notes and discussion, 9th Battalion Operational Report
On 15 February 1969 at 1500 hours, C Battery was credited with one KIA.
On 20 March 1969 at 2045 hours, C Battery, two 105 mm rounds landed in Battery area – no casualties or damage in Battery area. ARVN notified at 2055 hours.
On 16 February 1969 at 1800 hours, the Battalion check fired for the 24-hour truce of the TET Holiday.
On 17 February 1969 at promptly 1800 hours, the Battalion resumed firing with a Battalion TOT.
Previous Campaign was 5th Campaign Counteroffensive, Phase V (07-01-68 to 11-01-68)
Next Campaign is 7th Campaign, TET/69 Counteroffensive (02-23-69 to 06-08-69)